By: Imam Lavdrim Hamja – Kenosha, December 16, 2011
All thanks are due to Allah, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful, Giver of all blessings, which it says in the Glorious Quran:
“Give good tidings to the patient. Who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return.” Those are the ones upon whom are blessings from their Lord and mercy. And it is those who are the [rightly] guided.” (Beqare: 156-157)
Peace and blessings be upon our beloved Prophet who has told us:
عجبا لأمر المؤمن إن أمره كله خير ، وليس ذاك لأحد إلا للمؤمن ؛ إن أصابته سرّاء شكر ؛ فكان خيراً له ، وإن أصابته ضرّاء صبر ؛ فكان خيراً له
“It is amazing the issue of the believer, because everything for him is good and this is only for a believer and no one else. If something good befalls on him, he thanks God for it and that is good for him. But if he is strike with something bad, he patiently preserves and again this is good for him.”(Muslim)
Peace and blessings of Allah be upon his Ehli Bayt, the family of the Prophet, his companions and upon all of those who pursue his path, with patience, wisdom and justice until the Day of Judgment.
Patience is the best virtue, which it helps man and gives him the opportunity to achieve the goals and objectives of his life. Those people who have been deprived of this virtue, they will not have any success in their lives nor will they achieve their goals in their lives.
Moreover, we know that the main reason of a believer in this world is the pleasure of Allah and this can only be attained or achieved by faith and by implementing the duties which God has imposed on us. One among these duties is patience in times of misfortune and trial in which Allah tries His servants in this world.
God Almighty has made it clear to us that every person definitely shall be tested in this world, with something which Allah has defined before. And none of us should think, that will leave this world without a trial:
وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُم بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٥﴾الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّـهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ ﴿١٥٦﴾
“We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient, who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return.” (Beqare: 155-156)
To strengthen even more the truth about trial and misfortune, Allah says in the Sura Ankabut:
أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ ﴿٢﴾وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّـهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ ﴿٣﴾
“Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried? But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident those who are liars.” (Ankabut: 2-3)
So important is patience for the believer, as that transmitted by Ali (r.a) to have said:
قال علي رضي الله عنه وأرضاه: “الصبر من الإيمان بمنزلة الجسد من الرأس ولا إيمان لمن لا صبر له“
“Patience for a believer is as the body for the head and there is no belief in that person which has no patience.”
The word “patience” has been mentioned in the Quran approximately 100 times, such as “give glad tidings to the patient”, “Allah is with those who have patience”, “Allah loves those who are patient” and so on. And is there a greater honor and kindness to be loved by Allah?
How cannot patience have this high position, when we well know that without this patience, nothing can be achieved in this world? Because, to pray salat requires patience, to fast requires patience, to go to pilgrimage requires patience, to sacrifice for the sake of Allah requires patience, to seek knowledge requires patience, to respect your parents requires patience, to behave properly with people requires patience, to vanquish lust requires patience, to deceits from evil requires patience, to keep your anger requires patience, to guard against forbidden things requires patience and so on. Therefore, when you want to perform some good deeds, or when you refrain or guard against an evil deed, you require patience, that is why without this virtue a man cannot achieve anything in his life.
While Allah tells us from the lips of Yusuf that a person who abstains from evil things, has patience and does not fall into a trap of lust in this world, God will reward him in this world, and in the hereafter, as He rewarded Yusuf giving him a high position in this world and made him distinguished in the hereafter as well.
إِنَّهُ مَن يَتَّقِ وَيَصْبِرْ فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿٩٠﴾
“Indeed, he who fears Allah and is patient, then indeed, Allah does not allow to be lost the reward of those who do well.” (Yusuf: 90)
Furthermore every believer, specifically the youth, but others as well, if they want to extract a lesson as how God helps, protects and rewards those who have patience let him read the Chapter Yusuf carefully. In this Chapter, God tells us how He rewards parent, who has patience in the loss of his son, and also how He rewards the young who guards himself and patiently preserves from the trials of this world.
Brothers and sisters, the Prophet (a.s) has told us that God Almighty tests His servants according to their grade or level of faith which they have.
First, who are tested most and more in depth are the Prophets, then his companions, then people who are devoted and so on.
: إن من أشد الناس بلاء الأنبياء ، ثم الذين يلونهم ، ثم الذين يلونهم . ) النسائي وصححه الحاكم (
“People most tested are the Prophets, then their companions, then their companions…” (Nesaiu, and Hakim trusted it)
With this hadith we understand that God does not test the people because He hates them, but He tests those whom He loves. And why does God test His servants? Because with those trials He cleans them from their sins and elevates them into paradise.
The Prophet (a.s) tells us that:
ما من مسلم يصيبه أذى شوكة فما فوقها إلا كفر الله بها سيئاته كما تحط الشجرة ورقها
أحمد وابن أبي شيبة بلفظ لا يزال البلاء بالمؤمن حتى يلقى الله وليس عليه خطيئة
“Anything that befalls or hits a believer, even a pain from a thorn or even much bigger, with that God cleans him from evil things or sins, as the tree releases its leaves.” In another narration: “Mishap and misfortune does not cease on the believer, until he meets God and he has no sins left.” (Ahmed)
While, we with a limited knowledge, sometimes we are tempted by Satan and ponder as to why we have all these hardships and disasters. We don’t understand that God cleans us from mistakes and sins we commit every day and night, in a manner that we clean ourselves from these sins in this world, which is easiest, because cleanliness in the hereafter is much harder and painful. God has spoken the truth, which says in the Quran:
وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٢١٦﴾
“But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not.” (Beqare: 216)
Many people, of which have been tested a little, or they have not been tested in this world, and those who have been tested, in the Day of Judgment when they will see the great reward that trials of the world have, they will wish that God would have tested them much earlier and more in this world. That is why anyone of us who sees himself tested in this world, let him thank God and be patient, because Allah has prepared for him a great reward for those who preserve patiently, and who is patient and thankful to God.
يقول الله تبارك وتعالى لملائكته: (قبضتم روح ولد عبدي المؤمن. يقولون: نعم، يقول: أخذتم ثمرة فؤاده؟ يقولون: نعم، يقول: فماذا قال عبدي؟ يقولون: يا رب حمدك واسترجع، قال: ابنوا لعبدي بيتاً في الجنة وسموه بيت الحمد
Allah Almighty tells the Angels: “Did you take the soul of the son of a believing man?” They say: Yes. He says: “Have you taken the fruit of his heart?” They say: Yes. God says: “And what does my servant say?” The Angels say: O God, he thanked You and said: “To God we belong and to Him we shall return.” God says:“Build for my servant a house in paradise and named it: The house of thankfulness.” (Tirmidhiu)
Indeed it is painful for a parent the death of a child, but for the man who believes that there is a hereafter, when we’ll abide forever and it will be rewarded for his faith, patience and the good deeds he did in this world, he with the help of Allah, not only has it much easier but with the mercy and goodness of Allah has guaranteed paradise.
Listen to what our beloved Prophet (a.s) says:
عن أنس رضي الله عنه قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ما من الناس من مسلم يتوفى له ثلاث لم يبلغوا الحنث إلا أدخله الله الجنة بفضل رحمته إياهم
من دفن ثلاثة فصبر عليهم واحتسب وجبت له الجنة . فقالت أم أيمن : أو اثنين ؟ فقال : أو اثنين . فقالت : وواحد ؟ فسكت ، ثم قال : وواحد . أخرجه الطبراني في الأوسط .
“There is no Muslim, in which three of his children die before they reach the age of reasoning, for God has sent him to paradise.” (Muslim) in another narration: “Whoever buries (to whomever 3 of his children die) and he has patience and believes in the reward, he deserves paradise.” Ummu Ayman asked: What about two children? He (a.s) said: “Even two”. She again asked: What about one? He silenced, and after that said: “Even one.” (Tabarani in Awsat)
In the past there were such people, while listening to these hadiths of the Prophet (a.s), which tell the goodness and the rewards of patience, they wished and prayed to Allah to give them children then to die in order to enter paradise for the sake of the children. Although we are forbidden to ask Allah to test us, but if He tests us, then we should ask Him to give us patience and reward.
Dear brothers and sisters, alhamdulilah, praise is to Allah that He made us Muslims and this is indeed a great mercy, if we understand it.
Verses and hadiths that speak of this goodness are many, but time does not permit, but to cite only a few.
The Prophet (a.s) has said:
فقد ورى الترمذي وغيره قوله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا أحب الله قوما ابتلاهم. وصححه الألباني وغيره.
“When God loves certain people He tests them.” (Tirmidhiu and Others)
قال عليه الصلاة والسلام : … ومن يتصبر يصبره الله ، وما أعطي أحد عطاء خيراً وأوسع من الصبر . رواه البخاري ومسلم .
“Whoever wishes to be patient, God gives him patience and no one has received a better and greater gift than patience.” (Buhariu, Muslim)
ويقول ـ سبحانه ـ في الحديث القدسي ” ما لعبدي المؤمن عندي جزاء إذا قبضت صيفه من أهل الدنيا ثم أحتسبه إلا الجنة ” رواه البخاري
While in a hadith Qudsi, Allah Almighty says: “There is no other reward for my servant, when I take the fruit of his heart from this world (a child), while he’s hoping for the reward, but Paradise.” (Buhariu)
O Allah, we beseech You, that only You give life and death, give us good things in this world and in the hereafter and make us among the patient. Amin